Electric vehicles are driving the energy transition
Electromobility has hardly any positive effects on climate protection and the energy transition. Electric cars have a negative ecobalance; diesel and gasoline engines will remain irreplaceable for a long time.
Transport is the biggest energy consumer and second largest greenhouse gas emitter in Austria. Electric vehicles can contribute significantly to decarbonisation and play an important role in flexible storage for the smart electricity system of the future.
In Austria the transport sector’s emissions increased massively, by almost 60% compared to 1990, and are currently responsible for 28% of Austria’s greenhouse gas emissions. With its higher efficiency compared to combustion engines and based on increased deployment of renewables, electromobility is a technology facing a breakthrough and can significantly contribute to reducing emissions and energy demand.
Taking the entire vehicle life cycle into account as well as domestic power generation, e-cars already produce 70% to 90% less greenhouse gas compared to fossil- fueled vehicles (see Fact Check E-mobility). Contrary to combustion engines this balance will keep improving due to an increasing share of renewable power production and new possibilities for battery use (“Second Life“) and recycling.
Electric vehicles will become increasingly attractive thanks to more models being available, increasing driving ranges, falling acquisition and comparatively low operational costs. With a share of 1.5% of new car registrations (1st to 3rd quarter 2017, without plug-in hybrids), Austria is the front-runner in the EU. As the result of additional incentives, every fifth new registration in Norway is an electric vehicle; including plug-in hybrids every third.